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湖北省黄冈市2017-2018学年高一上学期期末考试英语试题
英语 来源:网络 编辑:小新 2018-03-04 16:26:41

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  湖北省黄冈市2017-2018学年高一上学期期末考试英语试题

  第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30 分)

  做题时,先将答案划在试卷上。录音内容结束后。你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

  第一节(共5 小题;每小题1.5 分,满分7.5分)

  听下面5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

  例:How much is the shirt?

  A. 19. 15. B. 9.18. C. 9.15.

  答案:C

  1. Where is probably Jimmy now?

  A. In the library. B. In the classroom. C. At Milton’ s home.

  2. What will the man do?

  A. See an apartment. B. Sign a contract(合同). C. Make a call.

  3. How will the woman get to the airport?

  A. By bus. B. By car. C. By taxi.

  4. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?

  A. Neighbors. B. Husband and wife. C. Teacher and parent.

  5. W hat will the woman do with the tape?

  A. Keep it for another week.

  B. Return it to the man.

  C. Lend it to her classmate.

  第二节(共15 小题;每小题1.5 分, 满分22.5 分)

  听下面5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

  听第6段对话, 回答第6和第7 两个小题。

  6. What is the man doing?

  A. Reading a health magazine.

  B. Giving some advice.

  C. Drinking tea.

  7. What food is considered as low—stress food?

  A. Apples and grapes. B. Hamburgers. C. French fries.

  听第7 段对话,回答第8 和第9 两个小题。

  8. What would the woman like to drink?

  A. A cup of tea. B. A cup of coffee. C. A cup of chocolate.

  9. What does the woman think of white chocolate?

  A. Sweet. B. Bitter. C. Tasty

  听第8 段对话,回答第10 至第12 三个小题。

  10. Why won’t the woman go to the annual conference?

  A. She has to look after her mother.

  B. She is busy with her work.

  C. She is ill in hospital.

  11. How does the man feel about the conference?

  A. Excited. B. Worried. C. Confident.

  12. What will the man try to do?

  A. Reschedule the conference.

  B. Deal with the problems himself.

  C. Ask someone to take the woman’s place.
#p#副标题#e#

  听第9段对话, 回答第13 至第16 四个小题。

  13. What causes animals’ problem according to the woman?

  A. The reduction of food.

  B. The occupation(占据)of their land.

  C. The pollution of environment.

  14. What is advised not to do when traveling abroad?

  A. Introduce new species.

  B. Buy skin coats.

  C. Adopt(收养) animals.

  15. What can people do in their neighborhoods?

  A. Call for new laws.

  B. Look after homeless animals.

  C. Make the environment clean.

  16. How can people improve animals conditions in the zoos?

  A. By hiring more staff to look after them.

  B. By building natural conditions.

  C. By offering them more food.

  听第10段独白, 回答第17 至第20 四个小题。

  17. Who is the speaker?

  A. A tour guide. B. A hotel clerk. C. A reporter.

  18. Where is the New York Public Library located?

  A. Between 40th and 42nd Streets.

  B. Between 33rd and 34th Streets.

  C. On 49th Street.

  19. What can the listeners do in the Rockefeller Plaza?

  A. Enjoy a concert. B. Visit a park. C. Go ice-skating.

  20. Where are the beautiful blue windows mostly from?

  A. USA. B. France. C. Germany.

  第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

  第一节(共15小题;每小题2分, 满分30分)

  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B.、C 和D )中, 选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  A

  Also known as fructose(果糖),fruit sugar is a simple sugar that is found in many different kinds of ripe fruits. This sugar is extremely sweet and is often used in the preparation of commercial food products.

  ●Basic origins

  Along with being found in a number of fruits, fruit sugar is also present in honey and a select number of vegetables such as onions and sweet potatoes.

  ●Main features

  Considered to be the sweetest of all the naturally occurring sugars, fruit sugar is a favorite with food manufacturers for two reasons. First, this natural sweetener is less expensive than refined sugar products, making it more cost effective. At the same time, sugar from fruit is so sweet that smaller amounts are required in order to achieve the same level of sweetness in a given recipe.

  ●Side effects

  While it is true this natural sugar tends to be sweeter than refined(加工的) sugars, it is important to note that fruit sugar is no less dangerous for people who are diabetic (患糖尿病的). However, it will still cause blood sugar level to increase. In some people, the rapid increase in levels is even more pronounced than with refined sugars.

  Parents should be aware that too much apple or pear juice could create health issues for their children. Because both types of juice are high in fruit sugar that is classified as free fructose, less of the sugar is absorbed into the small intestine (肠). The result of this action can lead to the development of diarrhea(腹泻).

  Adults who frequently have diarrhea may also want to monitor their selection of food items each day. The problems may be the result of consuming too much commercially prepared foods containing fruit sugar.

  21. Compared to other forms of sugar, fruit sugar is .

  A. less useful

  B. less healthy

  C. much sweeter

  D. more expensive

  22. What does the underlined word “pronounced” in Paragraph 4 mean?

  A. Spoken.

  B. Clear.

  C. Controllable.

  D. Unimportant.

  23. What are the last two paragraphs mainly about?

  A. The advantages of fruit sugar.

  B. How fruit sugar can control diabetes.

  C. Why fruit sugar is used in prepared foods.

  D. The results of taking in too much fruit sugar.

  24. In which section of a newspaper is the text most probably taken from?

  A. Food.

  B. Science & Technology.

  C. Education.

  D. Entertainment.
#p#副标题#e#

  B

  As a teacher we all have those memories of students—we wonder if we were able to teach or reach those students who had a need to get out of their seats every five minutes or so.

  I recently received an e-mail from one such student, Paco, Paco’s e-mail brought back memories of one particular class:

  It was our high school’s first year of block scheduling our classes were 80 minutes long instead of the traditional 40 minutes. On this particular day, I was being observed by two college professors. Of course, I was proud of the fact that the class was conducted entirely in Spanish and the students felt comfortable expressing themselves in Spanish.

  On that day, Paco came running through the door with a toasted cheese sandwich in hand. “ Senora Mike. I’m hungry and I hope you don’t mind if I just quickly eat this great toasted cheese sandwich. ” I said, “Go ahead, Paco. ” Paco sat down and finished his sandwich, Paco had now noticed our two visitors. Of course, our two visitors noticed Paco the minute he ran through the door.

  The lesson was going along quite well, and all the students were working in their groups. Suddenly, Paco raised his hand and said, “Senora, esta lloviendo en mis pantalones. ”(“Mrs. M. it is raining in my pants. ”) Now, being Paco’s Spanish teacher, I understood what he wanted. I knew that it was his way of requesting to go to the bathroom. You could just imagine the laughter from the other students.

  I always wonder just how much Spanish Paco learned in that class, but I know he learned more than just Spanish based on an e-mail he recently wrote to me:

  I know I was a handful but you actually cared. You knew I had potential. So even though I messed up a lot, you never gate up…I’m deeply grateful to you Senora, everything you taught me about Spanish. My attitude and life will stick with me the rest of my day…

  You see,Paco was my student ten years ago.

  25. What do we learn about Paco?

  A. He did well in his lessons.

  B. He didn’t behave well enough.

  C. He didn’t see the two professors.

  D. He showed no respect for his teacher.

  26. Why did Paco raise his hand in class?

  A. To attract attention.

  B. To make a request.

  C. To answer a question.

  D. To give a suggestion.

  27. Why did Paco write an e-mail to the author?

  A. To make an apology.

  B. To ask for some.

  C. To express his thanks.

  D. To make some comments.

  28. What does the author intend to tell us by writing the text?

  A. How to teach a successful lesson.

  B. How to get on well with students.

  C. A teacher’s influence on students.

  D. Students’ attitude to their teachers.

  C

  The seats are comfortable. The walls are padded(覆软垫的) and white, and there are handles(把手) all over the place for the floating astronauts to hold.

  But it’s the windows, the largest ever in space, that are the main advantage of the spaceship that Jeffrey Bezos showed off on Wednesday in Colorado Springs, Colorado.

  In a year or more—Bezos said the timing hasn’t yet been decided-his space company Blue Origin plans to begin flying tourists past the edge of space, 62 miles high, where they’ll experience the the excitement of weightlessness and view the beauty of Earth.

  “Everybody says that when you go to space, it changes you, ” said Bezos, the founder of Amzon. com. “All the astronauts come back with stories like that. It’s very fantastic to see the thin layer of the atmosphere surrounding the blue planet.”

  Blue Origin is one of the several companies that are seeking to lower the cost of access to space. Richard Branson’s Virgin Galactic, for example, also plans to fly tourists to space.

  Bezos said while his “only focus is people in space, ” the flight-testing program will require a great deal of effort.

  “We are not racing, ” he said. “This vehicle is going to carry humans. We’re going to make it as safe as we can.”

  The goal of Blue Origin, the space company Bezos founded in 2000, is to one day help millions of people enjoy their life outside the Earth’s atmosphere. Space tourism is the first step on that journey, Bezos said.

  The tourist flights would require some training, he said, and be quick, just 10 or 11minutes. As many as six passengers would board the spacecraft about 30 minutes before liftoff. It would then be taken into space by a rocket, which, after they separated, would fly back and land on the ground. The capsule(太空舱) would continue climbing, allowing the passengers to get out of their seats and float without weight in the capsule for about four minutes before the return flight down.

  29. What impressed those astronauts according to Bezos’ words in Paragraph 4?

  A. The Earth’s amazing beauty.

  B. The damage to the atmosphere.

  C. The excitement of taking a spacecraft.

  D. The experience of feeling weightlessness.

  30. How does Bezos look at the development of the spacecraft?

  A. It is not a hard task for Blue Origin.

  B. It will be finished in one or two years.

  C. It must be done in a careful, unhurried way.

  D. It cannot be completed by just one company.

  31. Why did Bezos start the company Blue Origin?

  A. To make visiting space possible for everyone.

  B. To help people know about space tourism.

  C. To provide money for research on space.

  D. To protect the Earth’s atmosphere.

  32. How long will tourists experience weightlessness in space?

  A. For about an hour.

  B. For about ten minutes.

  C. For about half an hour.

  D. For about four minutes.
#p#副标题#e#

  D

  A new study has looked into whether social media makes users feel lonelier or if lonely people tend to turn toward social media more. It asked the question: Is it social media or social isolation(隔离)?

  “ The social media craze (狂热)has helped some people but hurt some others in my opinion, ” development psychologist(心理学家) Stephanie Marcy with Children’s Hospital Los Angeles said.

  Marcy was not surprised to learn that the more time young people spend on Facebook, Instagram, Twitter and other apps, the more they feel lonely. “Some people who are otherwise social beings are now relying too much on their screens and their iPads and their telephones and social media, ” Marcy explained. Experts said users can have thousands of followers, but that doesn’t mean they have somebody to call when they need a friend. “It’s sort of a false representation of having social connection. There are many people that have thousands of virtual(虚拟的) friends but don’t really have somebody to watch a movie with. That’s really quite sad as a social media leading to fewer friends, actually. ” Marcy said.

  While the negative(负面的) influences of social media are often talked about, Marcy said it has helped some people,including those with anxiety, autism(自闭症) and physical limitations. “There needs to be a balance no matter what it is and with social media that completely applies, ” Marcy said.

  The study doesn’t show whether people who are isolated are more likely to go online or whether seeing the pages of others makes people feel more disheartened.

  33. What is Paragraph 3 mainly concerned with?

  A. Young people lack real friends.

  B. The bad effects of social media.

  C. Social media are everywhere nowadays.

  D. A new kind of connection among people.

  34. What does Marcy say about social media?

  A. It is two-sided.

  B. It needs limiting.

  C. It does more harm than good.

  D. It is important to young people.

  35. Which of the following shows the structure of the text?

湖北省黄冈市2017-2018学年高一上学期期末考试英语试题附参考答案

  (①= Paragraph 1 ②=Paragraph 2…)

  第二节(共5小题; 每小题2分,满分10分)

  根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

  Three tips for protecting your eyes during the winter

  We typically worry about staying warm during the winter months, and think less about protecting our eyes. 36 . Here are three things you can do to protect your eyes during the winter months.

  Tip 1: 37 .

  During the winter, our eyes are constantly exposed to blowing, dry, hot air that can cause them to become dry. Here are a few treatments: 38 . Distance yourself from direct heat sources while sitting. Use a humidifier(加湿器)to help reduce dryness.

  Tip 2: Wear sunglasses with UV(紫外线)protection.

  UV rays in the winter can harm our eyes. 39 . Wear sunglasses when you’re outside, or diving, to protect your eyes from UV rays. This is especially important as days lengthen into spring and the sun gets stronger.

  Tip 3: Goggles(护目镜) protect in many ways.

  Goggles not only protect our eyes from UV rays, but they also help keep our eyes from drying out from the winter wind. In addition, think about all those branches, leaves, and dirty snow that can severely injure our eyes upon contact. 40 . Don’t forget them!

  A. Clean your eyes carefully

  B. Don’t let your eyes dry out

  C. Goggles protect the eyes from the wind

  D. Keep eye drops handy to wet your eyes

  E. It just makes good sense to wear quality goggles

  F. In fact, they can do even more harm when they’re reflecting off snow

  G. However, the winter months can be as hard on our eyes as the summer months
#p#副标题#e#

  第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

  第一节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分, 满分30分)

  阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和D)中, 选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  After work one day, I grabbed a pizza for dinner at the mall. As I was heading home, I saw a girl sitting in a corner of the mall. Her hair covered her face and her body was 41 . I determined to walk past her 42 that’s what we often do. But something made me turn 43 . I learned her age, and why she begged for money and lived on the streets. Her parents 44 years ago and she suffered from a serious skin disease. She was 45 to work because of her disability and had to live in the safest place she could 46 . She had stayed in shelters in the past, but was treated 47 . She had to seek shelter from the mall to keep 48 on cold days, but even the mall she said wasn’t 49 because security(保安) always threw her out.

  I’m one of those people who used t0 believe there was a system of 50 to help her. Ideally, I would like to believe in that. I used to think maybe one day I would 51 “them”. Maybe one day I would win the lottery(彩票). But when I 52 that girl, I thought to my self, what if no one ever helped her? What if this so called 53 system that I believed in didn’t even know or 54 her existence? What if I didn’t 55 any money? What if she was not going to be around long enough to 56 that “one day”?

  I didn’t really think about what happened next. I 57 my dinner with her and gave her all the money I had. When security came, I talked them into assisting her 58 driving her away like they usually did.

  Don’t 59 one day to come before you help someone. Now is that one day—not tomorrow, not next week. If you can do something to ease someone else’s 60 , don’t wait for that distant one day. Be the one day. Be it now.

  41. A. hot B. heavy C. weak D. wet

  42. A. if B. when C. till D. because

  43. A. over B. back C. away D. up

  44. A. returned B. removed C. quarreled D. died

  45. A. eager B. ready C. unable D. curious

  46. A. build B. discover C. expect D. remember

  47. A. terribly B. normally C. carefully D. patiently

  48. A. calm B. wealthy C. warm D. secret

  49. A. quiet B. special C. particular D. safe

  50. A. control B. support C. decoration D. communication

  51. A. respect B. watch C. help D. encourage

  52. A. accepted B. introduced C. persuaded D. noticed

  53. A. foolish B. perfect C. simple D. educational

  54. A. care about B. talk about C. write about D. argue about

  55. A. lose B. lend C. win D. waste

  56. A. admit B. imagine C. choose D. see

  57. A. cooked B. shared C. ordered D. prepared

  58. A. along with B. as for C. except for D. instead of

  59. A. worry about B. laugh at C. wait for D. begin with

  60. A. sickness B. suffering C. nervousness D. loneliness
#p#副标题#e#

  第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节, 满分45分)

  第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

  阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词) 或括号内单词的正确形式,并将答案填写在答题卡相应的位置上。

  It is rare that the leading 61 (act) in a Chinese movie wins the audience’s hearts with an encouraging message, rather than by 62 (show) off his good looks. But Wolf Warrior II (《战狼2》) is putting China in the global spotlight. It’s also the first film 63 (taste) success both in box office(票房) earnings and improving Chinese values. 64 (amaze), Kung fu artist Wu Jing both starred in and directed the action movie. Since its release(发行) on July 27,it 65 (earn) an unimaginable 4.5 billion yuan, 66 set a record for home movies at the box office. Just as the message at the end of the film 67 (read ): “Citizens of the People’s Republic of

  China: When you meet with 68 (dangerous) in a foreign land, do not give up! Please remember, at your back stands a strong motherland.” Thanks 69 China’s increasing participation in international events, now it could be considered 70 right moment to introduce a modern Chinese hero.

  第四部分 写作(共两节;满分35分)

  第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

  假定英语520快三上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每次错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

  增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

  删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

  修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

  注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

  2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

  My name is Hua Fei and I was a sporting robot of the 23 century. I am also a expert at high flying exercises. Usually when I jump from spaceships. As I fall, I tum, dive, circling and dance until I softly land as close as I can to the finishing line. Robot competitions are true a popular sport. Fan from all over China watch their handheld TVs when an excited competition comes on. Last time I took part the 78th Olympics on a flying island in the sky. I won the silver medal for my perform.

  第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

  假如你是新华中学的学生李华,偶然看到在你市求学的美国学生Tom在网上发帖,要大家给他推荐一本学习汉语的书。你手头正好有一本合适的书《新实用汉语》可以借给他。请你给他发一封电子邮件, 要点如下:

  1. 说明写信原因;

  2. 描述书的情况;

  3. 约定见面时间和地点。

  《新实用汉语》:New Practical Chinese

  注意:

  1. 词数100左右;

  2. 可适当增加细节, 以使行文连贯;

  3. 开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

  Dear Tom,

  My name is Li Hua, a student of Xinhua Middle School.

  Best wishes.

  Yours,

  Li Hua

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文章标签: 高一英语
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